Glossary

  1. ADVANCE
    - approaching the opponent, a forward movement of the front foot, followed by a forward movement of the back foot
  2. ADVANCE LUNGE
    - footwork consisting on an advance followed by a lunge, with a change of tempo
  3. ATTACK
    - initial offensive action, executed with the arm extending and threatening valid surface with a continous forward motion
  4. BALESTRA
    - (Italian) jump lunge
  5. BASIC
    - preliminary position prior to assuming guard, used for formal salute.
  6. BOUT
    - a contest between two fencers
  7. COMPOUND ATTACKS
    - attack using bladework of more than a single tempo
  8. CONVENTION
    - rules dictating specific phrases of action concerning priority
  9. CROSSOVER
    - footwork in which one foot passes by the other in the direction of travel, followed by the second foot
  10. DIRECT ATTACK
    - simple ofensive action executed in a straight line

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  11. DISENGAGE
    - action of passing the point of the weapon from one line to another by passing under the opponent's weapon
  12. DISTANCE
    - space between two fencers
  13. DOUBLE ADVANCE
    - footwork consisting of two consecutive advances with a change of tempo
  14. DOUBLE RETREAT
    - footwork consisting of two consecutive retreats with a change of tempo
  15. FEINT
    - simulation of an offensive, defensive, or counteroffensive action
  16. FOIL
    - weapon derived from the practice weapon for the rapier, requires convention, blade consists of four sides
  17. FOURTH (PARRY)
    - parry protecting the high inside line
  18. HIGH LINE
    - target area above the weapon hand
  19. INDIRECT ATTACKS
    - attack that begins in one line and ends in another, executed in a single tempo
  20. INSIDE
    - line on the open, inner side of the weapon's hand

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  21. JUMP LUNGE
    - attack with a forward jump, followed by a lunge
  22. LINE
    - area of target defined by the relative positions of the weapon's hand
  23. low line
    - line that is below the weapon arm
  24. LUNGE
    - 1. offensive action of fencer's arm and front leg that allows greatest reach. The arm extends (identifies the attack) followed by the leg movement to deliver the attack.
    - 2. direct attack
  25. ON GUARD
    - fencer's stance with body and weapon, equally ready for offense and defense
  26. MASK
    - protective head gear covering the face, made of wire mesh
  27. OUTSIDE
    - line on the closed, outer side of the weapon's arm
  28. PARRY
    - defensive action performed to prevent the opponent's steel from making contact
  29. RECOVERY
    - resuming the onguard position after a lunge
  30. REFEREE
    - person overseeing and in control of a fencing bout

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  31. RETREAT
    - defensive fookwork, moving backwards, a movement of the back foot backwards followed by the front foot
  32. RIGHT OF WAY
    - convention used in fencing (foil & saber), the person originating the original attack has priority of time
  33. RIPOSTE
    - offensive action executed after a parry, simple or compound, has right of way
  34. SALLE
    - (French) fencing school
  35. SALUTE
    - courteous recognition of the adversary, officials, and spectators, must be performed before and after a bout.
  36. SIMPLE ATTACKS
    - direct or indirect offensive action, executed in one tempo
  37. SIXTH (PARRY)
    - parry protecting the high outside line
  38. STRIP
    - fencing field of combat, 14 meters long and 1.5-2.0 meters wide, a level playing field
  39. TARGET
    - area of the fencer's body where one can score a touch, differs by weapon
  40. TEMPO
    - a single unit of fencing time
  41. TOUCH
    - the arrival of the proper portion of a fencing weapon in the legal target zone, a scored point
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